Negotin museum was established on 16th February, 1934 by the decision of the Ban of Moravska bannat seated in Nis, upon the initiative of Negotin residents. The original name of the museum was "Town Museum Hajduk Veljko." Exibits for the museum were provided by two major benefactors and founders of the Museum: Petar Tipa, school inspector of the Ministry of Education and Milan Radojevic school superintendent. In the beginning, the museum had archaeological, scientific (Natural History), numismatic collection and a collection of books.
The most responsible Negotin residents who worked on the founding of the museum were: Petar Tipa - School Inspector (Chairman of the Board of the Museum ), Milan Radojevic - teacher , Stojan Mladenovic - teacher (the first director of the museum), Svetislav Stefanovic - bank clerk, Dimitrije Bogdanović – Head of the District, Petar Todorovic - Director of Teachers’ College, Dragutin Cvetkovic – High school principal, Ilija Simic - Primary school principal, MD. Miroslav Silvic, Milovan Lapcević - school superintendent, Zika Ristic - clerk, Slavko initially Milojković - teacher and MD. Aleksandar Todorovic.
At first the museum worked in modest premises. Museum exhibits were grouped into two departments. In one of them there were articles of archeology, ethnology and natural collection, in the other department there were documents and literature, photographs, pictures, and other material related to Negotin and Krajina. Until the mid-twentieth century, the museum didn’t have any curators. Then in 1952, the Museum got the building of Dusan Jotic, a merchant. It was a bigger and better space – for archeology on the ground floor and for everything else on the first floor. The museum soon increased its exhibits fund so it was possible to establish two more museum facilities. First, in 1964 /65 the birthplace of Stevan Mokranjac was opened. Later, in 1997, in the most beautiful building in eastern Serbia (made of stone), in the building of Todorce dormitory, Hajduk Veljko Museum was opened.
The archaeological exhibition in Lapidarium includes exhibits of architectural and sacral plastics from the Roman period (III-IV century), from the area of Negotin krajina. The exhibits are the most representative examples of pottery (terra sigillata), small bronze plastic, weapons, tools, articles for daily use, jewelry, money. Medieval material with the most representative examples of Serbian medieval jewelry, tools, weapons, money and containers is displayed in two show–cases, while a Slavic warrior is presented as a stone sculpture in space. History exhibition consists of documents, photographs, weapons from the First Serbian Uprising, the Balkan Wars and the First World War. The exhibits of ethnological collection illustrate the spiritual and material culture of Negotin krajina of the 19th and the 20th century.
Today the Museum fund disposes of around 15,000 articles, many of which are in the permanent exhibitions in three representative facilities, which themselves represent cultural goods: the Archaeological Museum, the Birthplace of Stevan Mokranjac and Hajduk Veljko Museum. Apart from this, the museum also performs its activity on two archaeological sites: Residential memorial complex Vrelo Sarkamen (third century) and the complex of Koroglas monastery (XIV)
Archaeological Museum consists of archaeological, ethnological, historic collection and a collection of paintings and icons. Among its most important exhibits are Altar (found in Rudna Glava near Majdanpek 3500 BC), the statue of Neptune (bronze – 1st century) the sculpture of Jupiter Dolichenus (a shrine in Brza Palanka III -IV century), a collection of Serbian medieval jewelry, etc.
The Birthhouse of Stevan Mokranjac contains an exhibition made in the ambiance of old-style town house of the late 19th century. On the ground floor there is Stana Djuric Klein’s permanent exhibition of Mokranjac’s spiritual and secular opus, with musicological analysis of his compositions. Otherwise, that is a space which hosts chamber concerts, literary meetings and other cultural activities. Upstairs one can find an ethnological exhibition with significant articles from the time of the famous Serbian composer.
Hajduk Veljko museum is housed in a building that captures with its stylish beauty, home of Negotin Duke from the mid-19th century - Knez Todorce. The museum exhibition is dedicated to the hero of the first Serbian uprising – Hajduk Veljko. The Museum displays weapons of the first Serbian uprising, household items from the nineteenth century and exhibits that came to life as a result of artistic inspiration by Hajduk Veljko.
Late antique site Vrelo Sarkamen is located 25 km west of Negotin. This residential-memorial complex originates from the period of Roman rule (3-4 century) and is one of the few out of Rome confirmed so far. The research was carried out in one of the five visible facilities – mausoleum of Empress mother in which in 1996 a jewelry set was found (it is situated in the National Museum in Belgrade), from the reign of Gallerius and Maximinus Daia (293 – 311 AD) .
Of ancient sites in Krajina one should mention the remains of the Roman city Ad Aquas, which was located on the bank of the Danube near the village of Prahovo, and which, in the time of its greatest prosperity in the late 2nd and 3rd centuries, had between 15 and 20 thousand inhabitants.