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created by project “New informational technologies and tourism products for cross border tourism development”
Referent number: 2007CB16IPO006-2011-2 – 160

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Following the steps of the Romans

The beauty of nature

The taste of west Balkans

Other Landmarks

Movies

Archaeological Museum of Đerdap in Kladovo showcases significant evidences about diverse cultures of the prehistoric, Roman and medieval periods on the Danube. It was founded with the aim of an integrated protection of the archaeological heritage of the Danube in the wider region of Iron Gate – Đerdap and of a comprehensive presentation and promotion of this important heritage. It is one of a few specialized museums in Serbia, one of the two archaeological museums. It was opened in the facility specifically built as a museum in 1996, by which it also stands out from all other museums in Serbia. Constituting of the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap as a specialized museum of this region is one of the most important achieved objectives of scientific research project Đerdap.

Through intensive archaeological research, which were conducted in two stages during the last decades of the 20th century on the stretch of the Danube shore from Veliko Gradište to Sip, (Đerdap I, 1964-1971) and from Karataš to Prahovo (Đerdap II, 1978-1990), many multi-layer sites have been identified, such as settlements and necropolises, fortifications, watchtowers, roads, public monuments, divided into the prehistoric, Roman or medieval era. The researches were conducted with the aim of saving the endangered heritage by forming reservoirs for the two hydropower plants, HPP Đerdap I, near Kladovo (Karataš) and Prahovo HPP Đerdap II (Kusjak). The research has continued on a smaller scale to date, especially of the Fort Diana (1978-2012).Due to these findings, formerly unknown, hidden landscapes, which were being created and disappearing for millennia, emerged into the light.The exhibition of the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap presents prehistoric, Roman, late Roman, early Byzantine and medieval findings, in chronological range of over 10,000 years. A large number of exhibits is a true rarity, the heritage of such importance that crosses borders of our country. Currently, the Museum's galleries are showcasing more than 1,500 first-class artefacts from the Đerdap Collection, discovered at more than 100 locations in this region.. All of these present different achievements of past cultures, everyday objects of prehistoric farmers, customs and beliefs of cultures of the Stone and Metal Ages, tools that people once used to domesticate their world, jewellery and ornaments for clothing, by which they confirmed their social status. The most numerous are artefacts of the Roman period, which testify to the Roman conquest of the territory, establishing a government in this border zone, which it had also been even then, the acceptance of the Roman way of life: parts of Roman military equipment, signs on the construction of public buildings, some of which are showcased at the Lapidarium in front of the Museum, architectural elements a luxurious Roman buildings, presentations of many gods of the Roman Pantheon, votive inscriptions, marble portraits, metal, glass and pottery vessels, lamps and luxurious jewellery. They are an indication of contacts and connections of this region in the Roman period, the importance that this area had within the Empire, as well as the transformations that occurred in the late Roman period, the settlement of new tribes and the changes that have marked the beginning of the Middle Ages. This epoch is mostly represented by findings from necropolises, which have been researched the most, and the medieval jewellery discovered in them enables identifying the characteristics of different communities. The exhibition is supplemented by documentary material that presents the look and the exploration of a number of preserved, as well as submerged and vanished sites in the wider area of Đerdap.Segments of representative monumental whole of the limes of the Roman Empire, the fortified Roman frontier, which make up a unique archaeological park of the region, have been preserved on the territory of the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap. Tabula Traiana, the plaque placed on the wall of the canyon Lower Gorge – Kazan, visible only from the Danube, is one of the most important testimonies of Emperor Trajan’s construction activities on the Danube and the preparations for the war with the Dacians. The remains of Trajan’s road – Trajan’s canal (the Sip Canal) and the famous Trajan’s bridge at Pontes, near Kostolac, which was built by Apollodorus in early 2nd century AD, along with Fort Pontes (1st-6th century), which protected the bridge, are an outstanding example of Roman architecture. The importance of this part of the Roman Empire is also evidenced by the Fort Diana (Statio Cataractarum Diana), a post on (the Danubian) cataracts, an important auxiliary camp from 1st to 6th century, one of the largest at the limes. Diana was surrounded by a large settlement, necropolises and a wharf. Early Byzantine sources mention this settlement as the town of Zanes.Besides the Roman remains, the medieval fortress-city – Fetislam, at the entrance to Kladovo, has also been preserved from deluging.Theexhibition of the Archaeological Museum of Đerdap and the preserved monumental wholes allow a more comprehensive view of the unique cultural landscape of the Danube in this region, which has been formed and has been changing continuously for over ten millennia. The words of Pliny the Younger (63 AD - about 113 AD), a Roman senator during the reign of emperors Domitian, Nerva and Trajan, a friend of the famous Roman historian Tacitus, written nearly 2,000 years ago (Plin., Ep. XVI 2) – It is magnificent to stand on the banks of the Danube (Magnum est stare in Danubii ripa) receive their true sense in the face of the Iron Gate.The most significant findings are permanently exhibited, as they best illustrate the millennial history and significance of these ancient banks of the Danube. All exhibitions, presentations and events held in the museum are always connected by the same heading/title, a free translation of Pliny the Younger’s phrase, which was first promoted to the public in 1998: It is magnificent to stand on the banks of the Danube…/Magnum est stare in Danuvii ripa…

The museum is located in the central zone of Kladovo, easily accessible, with a parking nearby. The museum building was specifically built to meet the requirements of the museum exhibiting, and has all supporting infrastructure (lighting, information boards, etc.). Individual and organized guided tours of the permanent exhibition; Special exhibitions are organized each year, on the occasion of the Night of Museums in May; Sales of promotion materials and thematic publications; Entrance to the museum is charged.